On June 23, 2011, the U.S. Supreme Court strongly affirmed First Amendment rights by striking down a Vermont law that blocked access to critical healthcare information. The law criminalized the collection and disclosure of information about the prescribing practices of physicians, but only if the recipients of the information wanted to use it in ways frowned upon by Vermont. The decision was a victory for WLF, which filed a brief supporting those challenging the law. The Court agreed with WLF that the Vermont law violated the First Amendment because it was not viewpoint-neutral; Vermont regulated speech based on the speaker’s point-of-view. WLF argued that such prohibitions are only rarely permissible and only then when based on showings of the most compelling of government needs. The Court ruled 6-3 that heightened First Amendment scrutiny applies whenever, as here, the government seeks to regulate speech because it disagrees with the truthful message being conveyed.