On October 5, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court issued a one-sentence order declining to review an outsized punitive damage award by a West Virginia state court. The decision was a setback for WLF, which filed a brief in the case contending that the West Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals arbitrarily deprived the defendant company’s due process rights by refusing to review the “grossly disproportional” nature of the trial court’s punitive damage award. The case arose from a dispute over a borrower’s default (after only two payments) on a secured loan agreement with Quicken Loans. On appeal, West Virginia’s high court sustained a $2,168,868.75 punitive damage award, which exceeded by a 124 to 1 ratio the less than $17,500 in compensatory restitution damages awarded at trial. WLF’s brief argued that, absent meaningful judicial review under the Due Process Clause, too high a risk exists that a punitive damage award will not be based on the evidence but rather on passion and prejudice.