On July 28, 2021, WLF urged the Eleventh Circuit to overturn a $10 million jury verdict awarded under the Torture Victim Protection Act. Congress incorporated parts of 1992 international law into U.S. law when it passed the TVPA. But it limited liability to those who act deliberately. WLF’s brief explains that the District Court erred by allowing the jury to find liability under a civilian command-responsibility theory that did not become part of international law until 1998. It also erred by allowing the jury to impose liability for the defendants’ mere negligent oversight of military forces. Because international relations problems will follow if the Eleventh Circuit affirms, WLF urges the Eleventh Circuit to overturn the jury’s verdict and apply the TVPA’s language as written.