On June 11, 2012, the U.S. Supreme Court declined to review the federal felony conviction of WLF’s client, a farmer in Idaho who committed technical violations of an Idaho environmental statute. The decision was a setback for WLF, which filed a petition seeking review. Each spring the farmer injected melting snow into his irrigation wells, to ensure adequate irrigation water during the summer. Although the practice did not endanger drinking water, federal officials charged the farmer because he did not obtain state permits for his well injections. WLF argued that the prosecution exceeded the government’s powers under the Commerce Clause – the water at issue was intrastate and contained no contaminants. Second, WLF challenged the finding that the farmer made a material false statement in a “matter within the jurisdiction” of the United States. WLF noted that the statement in question was made to a state agricultural inspector with no connections to the federal government.