On June 26, 2017, the U.S. Supreme Court issued a brief order denying WLF’s petition for a writ of certiorari in this case. WLF sought High Court review on behalf of its client, a California attorney, who faces a massive civil judgment obtained by CFPB for alleged violations of several consumer protection laws. WLF argued that CFPB lacked constitutional authority to file and prosecute its enforcement action because (at all relevant times) it lacked a validly appointed Director empowered to authorize the filing. Although President Obama purported to grant a recess appointment to a Director in 2012, the courts later determined that the appointment was invalid. WLF sought to overturn a divided appeals court ruling that upheld the judgment, arguing: (1) federal courts lack Article III jurisdiction to adjudicate unauthorized lawsuits; and (2) the Executive Branch may not retroactively ratify actions that were invalid when initially undertaken.