On January 14, 2019, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, acting at the plaintiffs’ request, dismissed (without comment) a First Amendment challenge to a New York law that prohibited merchants from informing their customers that a “surcharge” is being imposed on customers who use credit cards. WLF filed a brief in support of the challenge, arguing that the law violates the First Amendment rights of merchants, many of whom wish to inform customers of the extra costs incurred any time they use credit cards. The plaintiffs (several small merchants) likely dropped their challenge because New York, in response to their lawsuit, adopted an interpretation of the statute that imposed far fewer restrictions on their speech rights. The law was adopted at the urging of credit-card companies, who fear that consumers will be less likely to use credit cards if they know that doing so will result in a “surcharge” above the regular price.