On December 30, 2021, WLF urged the Florida Supreme Court to provide lower Florida courts with much-needed guidance on the limits due process imposes on punitive damages awards. After awarding the plaintiff $150,000 solely on her design-defect claim, the jury awarded her a staggering $16 million in punitive damages. That award produced an eye-popping 106:1 punitive-to-compensatory ratio. WLF’s amicus brief contends that when, as here, the compensatory award is substantial and the conduct at issue is not heinous, the constitutional maximum is a 1:1 ratio of punitive to compensatory damages. Anything greater than a 1:1 ratio would far exceed the amount necessary to accomplish Florida’s interest in punishing and deterring Reynold’s conduct.


WLF amicus brief