On June 4, 2018, the U.S. Supreme Court issued an order declining to review a New York law that retroactively imposed a massive monetary obligation on insurance carriers to pay workers’ compensation benefits that they never agreed to pay under their insurance policies. The decision was a setback for WLF, which filed a brief urging review. WLF argued that the statute violates several constitutional provisions designed to restrain government authority, including the Contracts Clause and the Takings Clause. The new law requires insurers to pay for re-opened claims that first arose during pre-2014 policy periods—even though insurers never contractually agreed to pay re-opened claims (which formerly were paid by employers) and never charged premiums to account for such claims. WLF noted that the cost of paying the re-opened claims likely exceeds $1 billion.