“Chevron gives executive agencies the power to say what the law is and also disproportionately harms small businesses.”
—John Masslon, WLF Senior Litigation Counsel
Click here for IWLC’s and WLF’s brief.
WASHINGTON, DC—Yesterday, Washington Legal Foundation (WLF) urged the U.S. Supreme Court to eliminate so-called Chevron deference and hold that the Constitution gives only the Judiciary the power to interpret the law. WLF joined the amicus brief of the Independent Women’s Law Center, authored by Kathryn E. Tarbert, Gene C. Schaerr, and Annika Boone Barkdull of Schaerr | Jaffe LLP.
The case arises from a National Marine Fisheries Service’s regulation that requires fishing companies to pay for the costs of observers who monitor compliance with fishery management plans. In other words, not only must fishing companies pay money to comply with federal fishing regulations, but they must also pay the federal government for the privilege of having federal employees check their compliance with the law. The fishing industry challenged this regulation because Congress did not give NMFS the authority to make fishing companies pay for monitors. A divided D.C. Circuit panel, however, invoked Chevron deference and upheld the regulation. The Supreme Court has now agreed to decide whether to overrule or narrow Chevron.
In its brief supporting Loper Bright, WLF details how agencies frequently encroach on the legislative and judicial powers by wielding the Chevron sword. Recently, agencies have tried to rewrite the federal student loan program, attempted to bar landlords from collecting rent on their properties, and forced workers nationwide to receive a vaccine. Each time, a regulatory agency far exceeded its statutory powers because it felt emboldened by Chevron.
WLF’s brief also explains the devastating consequences that regulation has on small and women-owned businesses. Large businesses can shoulder the costs of increased regulation because they have in-house counsel and large compliance programs. Small businesses, however, face disproportionately higher costs when they attempt to comply with regulatory requirements. And many of the smaller owned businesses in America are owned by women. Allowing agencies to use Chevron deference, therefore, hurts these businesses because they are unable to handle the increased regulatory costs.