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Case Detail


Johnston v. Tampa Sports Authority
On June 26, 2007, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit overturned an injunction issued by a trial court against a National Football League (NFL) policy that entails brief searches of all patrons entering NFL stadiums. The decision was a victory for WLF, which filed a brief in the case, urging the appeals court to reject a challenge to the search policy. WLF argued that the searches are "reasonable" within the meaning of the Fourth Amendment and in any event are not subject to the Fourth Amendment because they are being carried out at the direction of private entities. The decision arose in connection with an appeal from a federal district court, which issued a preliminary injunction against such searches at games being played by the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, an NFL team. The appeals court held that because the plaintiff, a Buccaneers season ticket holder, consented to being searched (in order to gain admittance to Buccaneers games), the searches must be deemed "reasonable."
Case Status:
Victory. Plaintiff to seek Supreme Court review in December 2008.
More Information and Downloads:
11/17/2006: Download the Brief

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